The bulk of the body consists of muscles (meat) and yet conventional medicine has made little or no effort to study their role and functions. Myology (myos - muscles, logos - study or knowledge) assists in muscular diagnosis, and neurology, which treats muscles and nerves as one, treats neuro-muscular disabilities such as polio, stroke, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis with the help of physiotherapists. In conventional medicine, therefore, there is no therapeutic speciality for muscular disorders other than myology, which investigates muscles through biopsy and electrophysiological studies.
In recent years, however, sports medicine has grown up to meet the demand for stamina, endurance, fitness and treatment of sports-related medical problems. Thus muscles became the primary target for investigation and study in sports medicine. Besides muscles, sports medicine studies nutritional, psychological and cardiovascular aspects of sports. The link with the rest of the body is beginning to appear.
Sports injuries are treated by physiotherapists, however, just like any other form of disease of the muscles, bones, joints and ligaments. It is part of a rehabilitation and anti-inflammatory treatment plan. Some physiotherapists working in this area may specialise in muscle-building programmes but generally it is the fitness instructors who actually specialise in exercises and muscle-building.